This investigation involves the examination of all or part of an area in sufficient detail to make generalizations about the types and distributions of archaeological sites that are present. An archaeological reconnaissance is not a substitute for an archaeological survey and is usually done to provide initial information about an area before a detailed study as required by legislation is undertaken. It is most often done to select one tract when several are being considered for a proposed project or to develop a historical context for a region.
Phase I Archaeological Survey
This investigation is also known as intensive archaeological survey and involves the systematic, meticulous examination of an area to find all of its archaeological sites. It is designed to gather information about sites within the Area of Potential Effects of a federal project or one done with federal funding. In addition to finding sites, it is also designed to evaluate those found against criteria designed to test their eligibility for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). If insufficient information is recovered by a Phase I Archaeological Survey to make a recommendation to the NRHP, then a Phase II Archaeological Testing project must be done.
Phase II Archaeological Testing
This investigation necessitates more intensive testing than at the Phase I level and involves block excavations to determine the vertical and horizontal character of a site. Enough testing must be done to make an evaluation of the site against the criteria for inclusion in the NRHP.
Phase III Archaeological Data Recovery
This process involves the partial or complete excavation of that portion of an archaeological site that has been determined as eligible for nomination to the NRHP and that will be impacted by a federal project.
Our historical services are commonly done as a component of archaeological projects. These usually involve research done on archaeological and/or historical sites, buildings, and sometimes individual objects. They are used to place the subject in a historical context to better understand the resource’s past, cultural importance, and significance for evaluation for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). SEH also provides historical research that is not related to cultural resources. For example, the history of a community or segment of a community is documented and used to promote tourism.
This service involves photographing artifacts and objects for either archival purposes or for publication in journals, magazines, reports, or any other media. The photography can be either silver-based or digitally-based depending on the client’s desire. Our people have both darkroom and computer-based (Adobe Photoshop) experience in image manipulation.
Abandoned Cemetery Delineation
This service is provided for clients who apply for a permit to move an abandoned cemetery under OCGA 36-72, Georgia’s Abandoned Cemetery and Burial Grounds Act. It involves searching for and determining the number and locations of all graves in an abandoned cemetery, preparing a field map of their relative positions, and delineating a boundary around the cemetery. A report is prepared by the archaeologist relating the results of the investigation for submission to the local governing authority as part of the permitting process.
Abandoned Cemetery Relocation
This is the process of moving human remains, graves, and monuments in an abandoned cemetery to a new location in a manner specified in the permit granted by a local governing authority under OCGA 36-72.